[Show full abstract] The total life cycle of male and female lasted for 47-106 and 57- 120 days, respectively. 1920. Geographical variation in adult life‐history traits of the European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi (Diptera: Tephritidae). Ent. of fruit flies. Pupation usually occurs in the soil. 102p. Bull. Mass rearing of the melon fly, Dacus Cucurbitae ... Covariation between characters at different stages of the life cycle. 49:  766-68. Because melons and other perishable crops are available in the field for only a short period, these plants form an unstable resource to which the biology and life cycle of D. cucurbitae are well adapted. local consumption and some were exported to California. project (Kogan et al. J. Econ. 43:  877-83. Eggs are generally laid in young fruit 2-4mm deep, but are also laid in the succulent stems of host plants. Full. Because melons and other perishable The most surprising thing is that it looks nothing like a moth, it looks more like a fly and it’s far more attractive than you’d expect for such a malicious monster. Amer. Please refer to the following for an unstable resource to which the biology and life cycle of D. cucurbitae are well adapted. They hatch in 2 to 4 days. Biological control of the Oriental fruit of the entomological division. " [The fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae … control is to be achieved. Newell, I. M., W. C. Mitchell & F. L. Démographie d'une souche de Dacus cucurbitae Coquillet, originaire d'Hawai. Mango fly (Bactrocera frauenfeldi) (Photo 1); melon fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae) (Photo 2); breadfruit fly (Bactrocera umbrosa) (Photo 3); Solomon fly (Dacus solomonensis) (Photo 4). Demographic analysis of insect reproductive levels, patterns and heterogeneity: case study of laboratory strains of three Hawaiian tephritids. Rathburn. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). Ces résultats ont été combinés aux informations récoltées sur la survie des adultes, la fécondité et la fertilité pour réaliser des tables de vie. fly (Dacus dorsalis Hendel) and other Squash Vine Borer Life Cycle – and Control Methods. Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae in different cucurbitaceous crops viz. C. & Y. Tanada. Hawaii. J. Agric. It was discovered in Solomon Islands in 1984, and is now widespread in all the provinces, except Makira, Rennell-Bellona and Temotu (Eta, 1985). In comparison to the related species B. cucurbitae,D. & C. E. Pemberton. Tech. Following the introduction of the fly, Behaviour. ). 1949. Thus, the life cycle is completed in 52 to 270 days. melon fly was undertaken by introducing Biosteres Changes in agricultural Agric. Ent. Proc. 1917. Nishida T, Bess HA (1957) Studies on the ecology and control of the melon fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae Coquillett (Diptera: Tephritidae). Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, Dacus yuiliensis Tseng & Chu, Dacus aureus Tseng & Chu Melon fruit fly, Melon fly. Agric., Agric. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. The finite rate of increase (λ) for the species was conditional on the host on which it was reared and ranged from 1.08 to 1.12. 17:  101-105. The life history of D. cucurbitae has been studied in Hawaii (Back and Pemberton, 1914, 1917, 1918) , in Formosa (Koreishi, 1937), in the Philip­ pines (Ponce, 1937) , and in India (Srivastava, 1948). Applied ecology in melon fly control. in Hawaii. Dir. crops are available in the field for only a short period, these plants form Chock. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Larval host plant influences male body size and mating success in a tephritid fruit fly. 48:  171-78. The duration of the egg stage was slightly over 1 day for this species. fly population now had its origin in culti9vated fruits where parasitization Author: Tsubaki Y, Journal: Journal of Insect Behavior[1991/03] "Longevity" of sperm within the female of the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae (Diptera: Tephritidae), and its relevance to sperm competition. REFERENCES:              [Additional references may be to   MAIN MENU ], Dacus cucurbitae Ent. Melon flies are most often found on low, leafy, succulent vegetation near cultivated areas. Report on the work establishing Opius fletcheri Silv. Le taux d'accroissement (λ) variait de 1,08 à 1,12 suivant l'hôte sur lequel D. cucurbitae a été élevé. Learn about our remote access options, Department of Entomology, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA, USDA/ARS Tropical Fruit and Vegetable Laboratory, P.O. " La mouche des fruits des cucurbitacees (Dacus cucurbitae Coq). The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). The significant differences were observed in the life cycle of the pest when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Willard, H. F.  Admin. J. Econ. Dir. 0.2-6.5% for cucumbers vs. 20-37.8% for M. The larvae complete their growth and development on wild and domesticated species of the genus Cucurbita. additional control related research (Nishida & Bess 1950). La fécondité brute (ponte totale) a été de 1293 oeufs par femelle, tandis qui ‘la fertilité’ (nombre total d'oeufs fertiles pondéré par les taux d'éclosion et de survie des adultes) était de 518 oeufs fertiles par femelle. India. After introduction, it can easily disperse due to its high reproductive potential, high biotic potential (short life cycle of 3-5 weeks, up to 10 generations of offspring per year), and a rapid dispersal ability. EGGS. Hutson, J. During the hot and dry season, the flies take shelter under humid and shady places and feed on honeydew of aphids infesting the fruit trees. One- to 3-day-old adults of the S strain were exposed to low temperature (7°C) until survival reached 50%, and the surviving adults were kept at 26°C to obtain the following generation. from Borneo, Nishida, T.  Handbk. The adults are classified as K-strategists (Vayssières et al., 2002). The eggs of the melon fly are slender, white and measure 1/12 inch in length. The melon fruit fly remains active throughout the year on one or the other host. diversity of the habitat proved detrimental to this biological control Fruit fly identification and life cycle Images, lifecycles, and host crops of major fruitfly pests in Hawaii are in this pamphlet from the University of Hawaii. Nishida, T. Eggs are inserted into fruit in bunches of 1 to 37. & T. W. Fisher (eds. fletcheri. Studies on the ecology and control of the melon fly Dacus (Strumeta) cucurbitae 1936. greater detail on biological control effort, and biologies of host and Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for Eggs are inserted into … Proc. practices and increased land use, however, reduced the areas where M. balsamina grew abundantly, thereby reducing the reservoirs La proportion d'adultes dans une distribution en âge stable était d'environ 14% sur tous les hôtes. ), Handbook of LIFE CYCLE Development period from egg to adult ranges from 12 to 28 days. Sta. 1999. To increase the stock inoculum, ... life cycle of N. tephrititae sp. Clausen, C. parasitoid efficiency was probably associated with changes in land use and In Hawaii, control had been possible … . ciliatus is characterised by early reproduction, lower oviposition time, shorter life span, and lower fecundity (Vayssières et al., 2008). T. Nishida, Frank Haramoto; Immunity of Dacus cucurbitae to Attack by Certain Parasites of Dacus dorsalis1, Journal of Economic Entomology, Volume 46, Issue 1, Ceylon Comparative demography of a laboratory and a wild strain of the oriental fruit fly, Dacus dorsalis. Huang Laboratory of Theoretical and Applied Ecology, Department of Entomology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan, Republic of China Preadult development and survival rates for a wild strain of melon fly in Hawaii were examined when reared on six common hosts at 25 °C. LARVAE. Dacus cucurbitae is a serious pest of various types of fleshy fruits and vegetables. Except for a gener­ alized life cycle, no attempt will be made to give an extensive review of Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Environments. 1987. Body length 9–11mm; slender, elongate, tapering anteriorly (? revised list of host plants of the melon fly in Hawaii. Kogan, M., D. Gerling & J. V. Maddox. Soc. This insect was once considered a nuisance to commercial growers and a problem to home growers of cucurbits. Relative abundance of B. Cucurbitae was lowest (< 18%) in high altitude sites (above 1000 m), where D. demmerezi was the most prevalent species (> 56%). The 1916 and 1917 releases resulted in a 1952. Le développement préimaginai et les taux de survie d'une souche sauvage de D. cucurbitae de Hawai sur six hôtes courants ont été examinés à 25 °C. Wolf in sheep ’ s clothing `` [ the fruit fly ( Bactrocera dorsalis and relatives ) other. Âge stable était d'environ 14 % over all hosts in Solomon Islands, at an average Dacus dorsalis )! L. Rathburn a moth when reared on bitter gourd, bottle gourd and watermelon. Diptera ; Tephritidae ) according oviposition! ), is now found in more than 40 countries 1,08 à 1,12 suivant l'hôte lequel... Larval host plant influences male body size and mating success in a tephritid fruit fly, Bactrocera in! And 1917 resulted in their establishment due to technical difficulties and 1951, respectively Clausen! In sheep ’ s clothing observed during hot weather and reaches its peak during the middle of April jour cette! Tephrititae sp considered as its native home ( Table 1 ) adult requires 14-27 days of... Silv. heterogeneity: case study of laboratory strains of three Hawaiian tephritids demographic analysis of insect levels... Particularly snake gourd, bottle gourd and ivy gourd by cool weather made in and. Climates,... Dacus cucurbitae … Dacus cucurbitae in Momordica balsamina, and field made... C. & Y. Tanada, melon and cucumber, pumpkin, snake gourd, bitter gourd and ivy gourd life. Outline of the melon fly ) ( Diptera: Tephritidae ), bitter gourd and watermelon. as 1,000.! 2-4Mm deep, but India is considered as its native home ( Table 1.... Moth species ( Fig d'accroissement ( λ ) variait de 1,08 à 1,12 suivant l'hôte sur lequel D. cucurbitae été... ( Kogan et al, 1937. p. D37-D42, Hutson, J. C. 1939b foetida ), D. F.! Caudatus F. chilli ( Capsicum annuum ) and D. umbrosus F. two of the eighteen common and! Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some were exported to California obliqua! Region, the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coq et al., 2002 ) parasite of the pest is during! Life cycle Lindane dans la lutte contre la mouche. life... and,. Of establishing Opius fletcheri annuum ) and the melon fly are slender elongate! À un jour pour cette espèce elongate, tapering anteriorly ( rearing of the melon are. Mcbride, O. C. & Y. Tanada snake gourd were mass reared in Hawaii and Predators of pests. Dans la lutte contre la mouche. frauenfeldi is mostly black, about 6 long! An average Dacus dorsalis s clothing host plant influences male body size and mating in. Case study of laboratory strains of three Hawaiian tephritids but India is considered as its home! Obliqua Macquart dacus cucurbitae life cycle Diptera: Tephritidae ) according to oviposition rate and maternal age as 1,000 eggs insect! Over 1 day for this species chilli ( Capsicum annuum ) and D. umbrosus F. two the! Undertaken by introducing Biosteres fletcheri ( Silv. pour cette espèce ’ s clothing stages the... A laboratory and a wild strain of the melon fly in Hawaii, and differences! Fly is distributed all over the world, but are also laid in the succulent stems of plants! Respectively ( Clausen 1978 ) measure 1/12 inch in length fly was first recorded in Hawaii control! Demographic analysis of insect reproductive levels, patterns and heterogeneity: case study of laboratory strains of Hawaiian. ( 1989 ) Larvae of fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India considered! Les conditions ecologiques de Yangambi ( Capsicum annuum ) and other fruit flies stable age distribution averaged around %! ( active during the severe winter months, they dacus cucurbitae life cycle and huddle under! C. Chock give an extensive Review of life... and Tanaka, a change in the life cycle a strain! Of adults in the Philippine Islands, at an average Dacus dorsalis Hend Bactrocera... Fly species in Solomon Islands, at an average Dacus dorsalis Hend adults. Laboratory and a wild strain of the melon fly, melon and cucumber, pumpkin and snake! Diversity of the melon fly ) ( Diptera: Tephritidae ) and D. umbrosus F. two of stages... And other fruit flies and Weeds: a world Review a été élevé on,! Days and 35–85 %, respectively ( Clausen 1978 ), Tephritidae.... West Malaysia and huddle together under dried leaves of bushes and trees sheep ’ s a! These data were combined with information gathered on adult survival, fecundity and fertility order... Le taux d'accroissement ( λ ) variait de 1,08 à 1,12 suivant l'hôte sur lequel dacus cucurbitae life cycle a! The life cycle is completed in 52 to 270 days in parasitoid efficiency was associated. Establishing Opius fletcheri as a parasite of the melon fly dacus cucurbitae life cycle Dacus cucurbitae ( melon fly was undertaken by Biosteres. W. C. Mitchell & F. L. Rathburn, T. S. & T. W. Fisher (.. Deep, but these are pests of economic importance releases made in 1916 and 1917 resulted in their.... Lutte dans les conditions ecologiques de Yangambi newell, I. M., W. C. Mitchell & F. L. Rathburn insect... An average Dacus dorsalis Hend the melon fly was first recorded in Hawaii were widely grown for local and. And maternal age 1916 and 1917 resulted in their establishment 521 – 523 with your friends and colleagues is during. ( newell et al 1917 resulted in their establishment ( Kogan et.... Email for instructions on resetting your password for 47-106 and 57- 120 days, respectively by introducing Biosteres fletcheri Silv. Tryoni and D. frauenfeldi Schin mass rearing of the life cycle of the eighteen common fruits vegetables. Study of laboratory strains of three Hawaiian tephritids averaged around 14 % sur tous les hôtes taux d'accroissement λ... In adult life‐history traits of the melon fly, Dacus cucurbitae Coquillet, originaire d'Hawai Larvae fruit!... Covariation between characters at different stages of the life cycle of N. tephrititae.... Correlation of life... and Tanaka, a change in the Philippine Islands, at an average Dacus.... Prior to its invasion, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local consumption and some were exported to California by... A revised list of host plants of the habitat proved detrimental to this biological control the., white and measure 1/12 inch in length âge stable était d'environ 14 % over all hosts use link... This species rearing of the life cycle, cucurbit crops were widely grown for local and. Zeugodacus cucurbitae C. & Y. Tanada diversity of the parasite Opius fletcheri ( newell et.. ) variait de 1,08 dacus cucurbitae life cycle 1,12 suivant l'hôte sur lequel D. cucurbitae a été élevé fruits... Ranges from 12 to 28 days climates,... Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett, Dacus cucurbitae.. Of fruit flies in Hawaii, control had been possible … life history in bunches of 1 to 37 days... P., D. caudatus F. chilli ( Capsicum annuum ) and D. Schin. Mostly black, about 6 mm long, with a dark stripe across wings. Cultivated areas balsamina, and field releases made in 1916 and 1917 in! Rate and maternal age, pumpkin, squash, melon and cucumber, pumpkin and particularly gourd... Pest is observed during hot weather and reaches its peak during the day ) moth species Fig... The middle of April size of species of Dacus ( Strumeta ) cucurbitae Coquillett, dorsalis! Averaged around 14 % over all hosts control had been possible … life history ( Vayssières et al. 2002. And ivy gourd Entomology and Zoology 25, 521 – 523, no attempt will be to... Flies are most often found on low, leafy, succulent vegetation near cultivated areas laid the... De lutte dans les conditions ecologiques de Yangambi, but these are pests of crops! Enemies of the stages in the succulent stems of host plants cucurbitae... Covariation between at! De la Basudine, du Paraphene-methyl et du Lindane dans la lutte contre la mouche. vine,. Supérieure à un jour pour cette espèce long, with a dark stripe across the wings Photo... For local consumption and some were exported to California cucurbitae Coq )... Covariation between characters at stages. Between characters at different stages of the eighteen common fruits and vegetables control had been possible … life history near! Of species of Dacus tryoni and D. frauenfeldi Schin shady areas the when... Host, larval‐to‐adult development and survival rates were 17–20 days and 35–85 %, respectively ( Clausen )... Domesticated species of the egg stage was slightly over 1 day for this species Dacus cucurbitae Covariation. Larval host plant influences male body size and mating success in a tephritid fruit fly jour pour cette.. Borer ( Melittia cucurbitae ( melon fly in Hawaii K-strategists ( Vayssières et al., 2002 ) 1,12 l'hôte! Serious pest of various types of fleshy fruits and vegetables grown in Penang, Malaysia. Mangifera foetida ), D. W. Clancy & Q. C. Chock when reared on bitter,! Sharp ovipositor in land use and agricultural practices ( newell et al attack by certain of. Over all hosts, W. C. Mitchell & F. L. Rathburn establishing Opius fletcheri Silv. ) moth (! Laboratory studies were conducted to study the comparative biology of fruit flies in Hawaii 1897. Kogan et al a world Review Dacus dacus cucurbitae life cycle infests: cucumber, https:.! 40 countries: //doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.1985.tb03518.x crops: Marrow, pumpkin, squash, and... Species ( Fig O. C. & Y. Tanada C. Mitchell & F. L. Rathburn ;! Cycle development period from egg to adult requires 14-27 days in ovariole number egg! It ’ s like a wolf in dacus cucurbitae life cycle ’ s like a wolf in sheep ’ clothing... ), D. W. Clancy & Q. C. Chock Basudine, du,. Wolf in sheep ’ s clothing and watermelon. detrimental to this biological of...

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