This time, he joins a dangerous expedition to the South Pole! After Fram was anchored to ice in an inlet in the south-eastern corner of the Bay, Amundsen selected a site for the expedition's main hut, 2.2 nautical miles (4.1 km) from the ship. Amundsen and his crew returned to their base camp on 25 January 1912, 99 days and roughly 1400 nautical miles after their departure. Not long after, the motor sledges were abandoned By the early 1900’s, nearly every region of the globe had been visited and mapped, with only two key locations left: the North and South Poles. Scott in his den at Cape Evans : In 1911, two teams of explorers took on the South Pole, and became the first humans to see that part of the planet. . All the men were suffering from slow starvation, hypothermia and almost certainly scurvy (a debilitating condition caused by a vitamin C deficiency). Amundsen's handpicked men included his loyal follower, Oscar Wisting, Olav Bjaaland - a skiing champion - and the two expert dog-drivers, Helmer Hanssen and Sverre Hassel. Includes easy to read section for early readers. As a result, the polar party's main 'One Ton' depot was not as far south as Scott intended. Great God! Yes, but under very different circumstances from those expected. Free Entry. It was exhausting work but Scott believed it was less cruel than using animals and more noble. This was all he would learn of the Norwegian's mysterious ambitions. Race To The South Pole (Gr.3 Up): Jim Pipe: 9780769647029: Books - Amazon.ca. On December 14, 1911, a Norwegian team led by Roald Amundsen became the first explorers to reach the South Pole. In 1911, Britain’s Robert Falcon Scott and Norway’s Roald Amundsen both launched expeditions to reach the Pole. As Scott's men laid more depots, individual support teams and dogs successively turned back. Scott's party set off on a sledging journey In the early 1910s, explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott engaged in a frantic, and ultimately tragic, race to be the first man to reach the South Pole. Their pictures and artifacts tell a story of triumph and hardship. The discovery of Antarctica and the race to the South Pole - a timeline January 1773: Captain James Cook becomes the first recorded navigator to … 29 December 2008 • 16:50 pm . His crew included naval seamen, scientists and paying members. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. All Amundsen had to do now was make sure the men got back to civilisation first with the news, as he was not sure how close Scott was behind him. They’re racing against a rival explorer to reach the South Pole, but with unstable ice, killer whales, and raging blizzards, the journey turns into a race against time.  © It was always Scott’s intention to return and, with the support of the British Admiralty and the government, he secured a grant of £20,000. He had sailed through the North West Passage (1903-6) and was one of the first men to winter south of the Antarctic Circle, on board the Belgica in 1898. The geographical prize was the South Pole - the most remote spot on earth. located on the continent of Antarctica at the opposite end of the world from the North Pole To push on to the Pole would have meant certain death and the four men were lucky to return alive. Meanwhile Scott continued with his public plans, organising equipment and provisions and recruiting men. Information for kids K-6 about the race to reach the South Pole between expeditions led by Roald Amundsen and by Robert Scott. Roald Amundsen in the Antarctic Birdie Bowers and Teddy Evans take lunch in the tent The race had begun at last. After the race to the South Pole ended in December 1911, with Roald Amundsen's conquest, Shackleton turned his attention to the crossing of Antarctica from sea to sea, via the pole. On 17 January 1912, Scott arrived at the Pole - 33 days after Amundsen. Weak from exhaustion, hunger and extreme cold, his last diary entry is dated 29 March 1912. Differences with Scott spurred Shackleton to mount his own expedition in Nimrod (1907-9). At the beginning of the twentieth century, the South Pole was the most coveted prize in the fiercely nationalistic modern age of exploration. It would end in victory for Amundsen – and tragedy for Scott.Â.  © The five-man team created significant difficulties in managing use of rations and fuel. The extra man was the diminutive Scotsman Lieutenant Henry 'Birdie' Bowers, who had the kind of character that appealed to Scott - mentally strong, versatile and determined. Several expeditions, following in Jackson’s footsteps, tried to reach the pole from Franz Josef Land. He had reached the Pole a full 33 days before Captain Scott arrived.  © When he learnt that Shackleton's attempt on the Pole was unsuccessful, he was determined to reach it himself. The rival explorers bitterly contested each other's claims, but for Amundsen, his dream was shattered.  © Your support is vital to our work as a charity, helping us to care for your... Four new galleries at the National Maritime Museum. The Norwegian expedition arrived further along the Ross Ice Shelf at the Bay of Whales in January 1911, about 640km (400 miles) from the British camp. Try Prime EN Hello, Sign in Account & Lists Sign in Account & Lists Returns & Orders Try Prime Cart. However, by using expertly trained dog teams, these vital supplies extended much further south than Scott's did. Players then roll the dice to move the number of spaces in the direction on the teetotum. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. Captain Robert Falcon Scott in his sledging gear Robert Falcon Scott, 1868 - 1912 What has become known as the Race to the South Pole came about incidentally rather than by design. The great race for the South Pole between British and Norwegian teams 1911-1912. After two Americans staked claim to reaching the North Pole, a Norwegian explorer and a British naval officer each set out for the last unmapped region in what newspapers called a “Race to the Pole.” Rich Western nations eventually began to take an interest in this inhospitable terrain, with Britain, Japan, Germany, Sweden, Norway, France and Belgium all planning expeditions to Antarctica in the early years of the 20th century. 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